Work safely at heights (CPCCCM2010B)
- Define ‘working at heights’.
The term “working at heights” means that working at any of the place where there is no precautions in a particular place where an employee or the worker can fall from the certain distances which can cause the serve injury.
- An employer or self-employed person must not perform high risk construction work if there is a risk to the health or safety of any person arising from the work unless: (tick one of the following)
- A SWMS has been prepared before the work commences
- A SWMS is being prepared as the work is being conducted
- A SWMS is prepared after the work has been completed
- None of the above
- Other than a worker falling, list 4 risks of working at heights.
Following are the 4 risks of the working at heights:
- Fall from the roof.
- Fall from the ladder
- Fall from the fragile surface
- Falling due to inclement weather.
- The location of any work that’s going to be carried out at height should be identified during the planning stage of a task or project. Where can you find information about where you will be working? List 3 sources.
- Customer and employee information.
- Emails, mail and faxes.
- Pictures and diagrams.
- Before work commences, the employer or person who has control of a workplace and employees should ensure that there is safe access to and egress from the work area. What should this include? List 3 things.
Three things are as followed:
- Always keep the steps of the ladder in good conditions.
- Emergency equipment need to be cleaned and sanitized properly
- Exists door should always be ready and open.
- How can you eliminated or reduce the risk of tools and materials falling from heights? Give 4 examples.
Following are the 4 examples that can be considered in order to eliminate or reduce the risks of the tools and the materials falling from the height:
- Debris net is required to be used
- Catching platforms or canopies should be made
- There should be securing tools and the materials which is being used to prevent them from falling the people below from the height.
- Post warning signs need to be placed.
- List 6 fall prevention devices.
Following are the 6 devices which can be used from the fall prevention:
- Safety mesh
- Work positioning systems
- Building maintenance units
- Elevating work platforms
- Define the following terms.
- Fall injury prevention: This term is being used to implement the proper system or the precaution that need to be taken in order to prevent the person from falling and getting injured.
- Anchorage: The term anchorage is being used as the comprehensive treatment for fastening the technology by inserting anchors or the studs into the concrete so that they can provide power and stability for the entire structure.
- Explain the difference between a static restraint system and a travel restraint system.
- Static Restraint System: This system will help the people from stopping and restraint them to have an access on the fall hazards which means that this system will only work when the workers who are working on the site do not get themselves in the position where they can have an access of the fall hazards.
- Travel Restraint System: This system is considered as the combination of an anchorage and its connectors which will help in supporting the body which will help the employer to reduce the possibility that an employee wont be able to go on the edge of walking surface.
- Name 2 types of falls arrest systems.
- General fall arrests.
- Personal fall arrests.
- What is the diagram below of?
- Write 4 key points on the use of a fall injury prevention system.
- Fall arrest
- Which of the below diagrams show an unacceptable use of a restraint system? Explain why.
- Safety equipment is installed to reduce the risks of an existing site hazard like working at heights, but what other hazards must you consider? Give 2 examples.
- Being stuck by an object.
- True or false. There are significant legal penalties if an accident occurs and it’s found that the safety equipment was incorrectly installed.
- Detail 6 safe work practices to follow when conducting work from a ladder.
Following are the six safe work practices to follow when conducting work from a ladder:
- Always keep the body in the centre of the ladder
- Never lean too far in any direction.
- Never place the ladder on the soft ground.
- At least three points need to be maintained in order to contact on the ladder.
- Make sure that ladder is not damage before you use the ladder.
- Have the use of ladder if you are physically capable to use the ladder.
- No matter what safety equipment you’re using, you must: (tick those that are applicable)
- Remove safety equipment briefly for convenience
- Adjust it as necessary (using recommended standards and safe work practices) if something changes
- Change the type of equipment or add new equipment as necessary if the job changes
- Use it according to the manufacturer’s specifications, regulations, codes of practice and Australian Standards
- All of the above
- Write 5 safety tips for leaving the elevated work area.
Following are the 5 safety tips for leaving the elevated work area:
- Never sit, stand or climb on the guardrails platform
- Proper fall protection need to be worn.
- Risk assessment need to be perform prior before visiting to the machines at the job site
- Use the debris net need to used clean before
- Always have the proper training on, in order to have the knowledge with and should have aerial platform ready.