Erect and dismantle formwork for footings and slabs on ground (CPCCCA2003A )
- What is the name of the Australian Standard relevant to formwork construction?
The Act BD-043 covers the Australian Standard for form work construction.
- Refer to the SDS and TDA for Fosroc Form Release Agent, to complete questions 2, 3, 4, 5, 7 and 11.
TDS: This agent is also known as releasing agent and is being supplied and is ready to use when it is being delivered. It is quite recommended to apply this agent with the sprayers, brush, roller or swab these products can also be used in order to apply this product. It is quite compulsory to apply this agent 2 days before pouring. But it also depends upon the environmental conditions that how much time this agent will take to dry, usually it takes 2-3 hours for drying. These type of forming agent can be easily taken off with the help of diesels or any sort of hydrocarbons.
- Describe the first aid measures if your skin gets in contact with the product.
Following are the first aid measures if the skin gets in contact with the product:
- Immediately clean or flush your skin with the running water.
- If chemical gets in to the cloth, then immediate remove the cloth and clean the portion of the skin with running water.
- Also get medical attention as soon as possible.
- How should large spills be cleaned?
Spillage need to be covered with the newspaper or the blotting paper. Clean or wipe it off the spillage with the newspaper which is required to moisten with the hydrochloride solutions that will be the at least 1% of dilution which contains the at least 50ppm chlorine in it. Then immediately discard the paper which was being used to clean the spillage.
Repeat the step until the rest of the spillage is being removed.
- What are the product storage requirements?
The product is required to be stored at the cool and dry place.
The product should not absorb direct sunlight while it is being stored.
Always store the product that is not compatible with the product.
- List 5 hazards associated with the erection, alteration and/or dismantling of formwork on ground?
- Falling from the height
- Fall of object
- Sharp materials
- List the PPE to be worn when handling the product?
- Wear overalls
- Safety glasses
- Impervious gloves
- A residential site has been cleared and construction works are about to commence. What safety signage should be placed at the entrance to the site? Provide an example of each of the different categories of safety signage.
Category of safety Signage
Hard hats required to be worn
- What are the pre-operational checks you should conduct prior to using a circular saw? Outline 6.
Following are the six pre-operational checks that should be conducted prior to use the circular saw:
- Safety glasses or the googles, or face shield is required to be wore.
- Approved respirator mask or the dust mask need to be wore.
- Appropriate hearing protection within the noisy area need to be used.
- Always check the blade rotation of the saw.
- Keep all the cords away from the cutting areas.
- Circular saw is being designed to be operated by right hand as left-hand will more care and safety.
- You are setting up the formwork for a 3 m x 2 m driveway. You are using 100 mm x 50 mm timbers for the formwork side rails and are driving wooden stakes at no more than 1.2 m apart. You will place extra stakes at every joint in the rails and at corners. The timber comes in 3.6 m lengths.
Calculate how many lengths of timber and how many wooden stakes you will need.
Data is being provided,
Size of driveway = 3 m x 2 m = 3000 mm x 2000 mm
Size of timber = 100 mm x 50 mm
Maximum spacing of rails = 1200 mm
Step 2: Required length of 100 x 50:
Length of each piece of timber = 3.6 m
Required length of 3 m pieces = 3
Required length of 2 m pieces = 4
Total length = 3 x 3 + 2 x 4 = 17 m
Number of timbers = 17/3.6 = 4.7 say = 5 lengths
Step 3: required number of stakes
It is proposed to fix stakes at each corner and rail joint. Stakes are fixed for added support to the form work to prevent slipping during concreting.
Number of stakes = 4 x 3 = 12 stakes
- What is the application rate for a porous form surface?
12-25m2 per litre is the application rate for a porous
- You are directing a crane operator to unload formwork components and timber stacks. How would you tell the crane operator to hoist the load? Draw the signal you would use.
- Always draw the fists on the tap of head, regular signals need to be used.
- Whip line need to be used
- Provide 5 examples of release agents.
Following are the five examples of release agents:
- Metal Casting
- List 7 termite resistant materials?
Following are the seven termite resistant materials:
- Timbers that are being treated as termite resistant
- Fibre-reinforce cement
- Timbers those are naturally termite resistant
- Formwork components and forms are usually designed for re-use, either on the same project or on others. How can you contribute to the economic operation of the job? Give 4 examples.
- Always be sure that concrete has been properly cured so that it framework can be removed.
- Try to deconstruct the formwork in such as way that it should not fall upon you.
- Edging of the box is need to be removed by providing them support.
- Always clean and stack the timber in order to avoid the wrapping and twisting.
- List 8 materials/products in building and construction which have the potential to pollute stormwater systems.
- Building wash water
- Demolition waste
- High pressure water blasting waste
- Concrete waste
- What details should be included in formwork drawings? List 5.
- Most of the allowable points is required to be loaded in order to apply and add the propping requirement at the specific ares.
- Component types and spacing
- Maximum jack extensions
- Bearer and joist timber type, dimensions and spacing
- Prop sizes and maximum extensions
- What is formwork? Explain its purpose.
The term formwork is being used to provide temporary or the permanent support to the structure or the mould when concrete is being poured in to it. This process is also known as centring or the shuttering.
Formwork is quite important for the concrete in order to harden and give the desired shape to the concrete so that it can gain the strength and the durability. Formwork is commonly used make steel, timbers and other materials.
- What materials are used in formwork construction? Give 7 examples.
Following are the seven examples of the materials that are used in formwork constructions:
- U jack, tie rod and tie nuts
- Briefly describe the process to erect, strip, clean and stack simple formwork for a small garden shed concrete slab.
Once it is poured, than pull the boxing away
Clean and Stack
- Place the following steps in the correct order to build formwork for a slab.
- Drive pegs into the ground
- Install the braces
- Height should be marked on pegs
- Nails form board to pegs
- Trim the pegs to heights.
- What is block-outs?
The term block-outs in concrete is used as the form of EPS which means it is being used in order to create the blank space around the electrical and the water wipes before concrete is being poured around the slab. Once concrete gets harden, polystyrene foam is being removed and will allow the plumbers or the electricians to have an access around the pipes so, that they can easily complete their works.
- Why are release agents applied to the surface of formwork? Provide 4 reasons.
Following are the four reasons that why it is important to apply the releasing agent to the suface of the formwork:
- Helps the steel formwork from getting corroded.
- It helps in reducing the chances of the leakage of water.
- If formwork is of wooden, concrete absorbs the water and does not let it touch the wooden formwork.
- It provides the good finishing to the surface where concrete is being poured at minimum defects.
- What is the order of for removing formwork? List 3 steps in the correct order.
Following are the three steps in correct order to remove the formwork:
- It is important to remove the concrete before removing the formwork.
- Shuttering forming is a soffit in order to remove the slab next.
- Shuttering forming soffit of the beams, grinders or the rest of the heavily loaded shuttering need to be removed at last.
- Outline 4 important factors to consider when storing forms, to ensure they can be reused on another project.
Following are the four important factors that should be considered when storing forms, to ensure they can be reused on another project:
- Make sure that all the materials that are used in the formwork should be closed and packed once the job is over and should kept safe.
- Designing and designating of a small sections of the formwork deck is need to be loaded with the platform for rest of the components.
- Store the various loads on the trolleys in order to minimise the double handling, or they raise the various platform in order to minimise the manual liftings from the level of grounds.
- Adequate amount of storage space is required in order to lay down the areas quite safely so that materials can be stored.
- What are the specific care requirements for steel formwork components?
In order to maintain the formwork components, oiling is the most important aspects which is required to be done to prevent the formwork from rusting. When the steel is required to be stored they need to be stored properly and away from the humid and airy area.
- Detail 5 tasks that must be completed before leaving the site at the end of the day?
Following are the 5 tasks that need to be completed before leaving the site at the end of the day are as follow:
- Make sure that it is important to maintain the things by the competent person.
- Always maintain the plant and regularly used equipment-according to the manufacturer’s instruction that is provided to them for maintaining all the safety features.
- There should be proper procedure which will allow the workers in order to report the damaged or any other faulty equipment.
- Always provide the proper tools to for maintaining the person.
- Proper maintenance need to be maintained in order to minimise the risks for the workers who are already working within the same site.
- Provide 3 control measures to minimise the generation of contaminated stormwater.
Following are the 3 control measures to minimise the generation of contaminated stormwater:
- Always minimise the velocities of the water.
- Reduce the use of the pesticides, herbicides and the fertilizers
- Always minimise the quantity of the storm water which is not uncontaminated.
- Confirming the scope of works to be carried out is an essential requirement before commencing any project. Where could you find relevant instructions and information regarding work information? List 10 sources.
- Diagrams or sketches
- Plans and specifications
- Work Bulletins
- Organization work specifications and requirements
- Work schedules